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What is COVID-19 disease?
COVID-19 is a viral disease that mainly afects respiratory system but may also afects the other organs such as the heart, kidney, blood vessels etc. People above 60 years of age and those with underlying conditions suchas heart, lung, liver, kidney diseases, those with immunocompromised state, diabetes, pregnancies etc. may have more severe presentation and outcome.
SARS-Cov-2 is primarily transmitted by person to person and can be highly infectious and can be transmitted through respiratory route and
contact. A person may develop symptoms within 1 to 14 days after exposure. Person can transmit the virus 2 days before the symptom onset
and during the time they have symptoms. About 40% of people may not develop any symptoms though they are able to transmit the infection.
Common symptoms include sore throat, runny nose, cough, fever, shortness of breath, headache, body ache, loss of smell/taste, diarrhoea,
If a person develops COVID-19 like symptoms, they should self-isolate and visit a flu clinic and get tested. COVID-19 PCR test can detect the infection.
To minimize the chance of catching the virus, it is advisable to follow all preventive measures such as wearing masks, physical distancing (at least 3 feet distance), frequent hand washing, cleaning and disinfection of surfaces and good ventilation.
How is the safety of the vaccines ensured during development?
COVID-19 vaccine development has been the fastest in the history of vaccine development. However, the development process has ensured safety.
The testing process has been the same as with other vaccines. All the 3 phases of vaccine trials are being conducted, with the same number of
participants in the trial as traditional ones.
What are the benefts of vaccination?
Vaccination protects the person taking the vaccine and the community. When more people are vaccinated it prevents community transmission
and protects those who cannot take the vaccine like pregnant women, children etc. Two doses of vaccine are required to attain protection.
The vaccine prevents severe COVID-19 disease and will decrease the severity and spread of Covid-19 disease. However, there may be a chance
that you might still get or spread infection. Therefore, it is important to wear mask and follow the social distancing guidance and other preventive measures.
What are the diferent vaccines types currently available?
According to WHO, there are 63 vaccines in clinical development and 175 vaccines in pre-clinical development.
Which COVID-19 Vaccines are available in the Maldives?
What is the COVISHIELD vaccine?
COVISHIELD is manufactured by one of the largest vaccine manufacturers in the world, Serum Institute of India Pvt. Ltd.
COVISHIELD has the same formulation that was co-developed by Oxford University and AstraZeneca to combat COVID-19.